ERIC Number: ED102234
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Family Inputs and Inequality Among Children. Discussion Papers No. 218-74.
Lindert, Peter A.
In this paper, the author offers an expanded explanation of just what difference sibling position should make, and then subjects this reasoning to a test that seems to meet all of the objections raised about empirical work linking sibling position to achievement. More specifically, the author (1) lays out a simple proximate explanation of the way in which family size, birth order, and child spacing should influence a child's subsequent attainments by governing the time and other inputs he or she receives; (2) transforms these three dimensions of family structure into a single quantitative family-inputs index; (3) tests the link between sibling position and achievement within families as well as across families; and (4) presents calculations suggesting the order of magnitude of the impact of improved contraception on the subsequent inequality and level of a cohort's educational and career attainments. It turns out that the link between sibling position and achievement is significant even when age and parents' attributes have been held constant. The impact of improved contraception on the distribution of achievements in the next generation turns out to be as important, or possibly more important, then would be inferred from past studies. The family-inputs index emerges as an important variable for future studies. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; Population Council, New York, NY.; Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.
Identifiers - Location: New Jersey