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ERIC Number: ED102227
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Jun-30
Reference Count: 0
A Comparative and Developmental Study of the Effects of Desegregation in Selected Public Schools. Final Report.
This study, conceived of as a follow-up of "Equality of Educational Opportunity," attempted to review longer term aspects of school achievement and to examine comparison data over a period of five to six years. The final sample of cities included three in the South, three in the North and one in the Middle Border region of the country. Over a period of six years the investigators moved from interview data, to objective testing of children, to interview data with community leaders, to a retest of some children remaining in three of the school systems, to the final report. A major innovation of this study was the development of the Wisconsin Cartoon test (WISCAR) which was designed to enable children to express feelings of racial awareness, social distance and perception of authority. The findings of the study include the following: The data indicate congruence with other major studies of social class, region of country and race as regards Achievement-IQ results. Teachers with relatively highly authoritarian attitudes had a depressing effect on Achievement-IQ levels which ranged from five to 40 IQ points. The WISCAR test indicated the strong impact on children of the race of teacher they have and the racial composition of the classroom where they are being taught. Community and school leadership is critical to the effecting of successful desegregation. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison.
Note: This document has been reproduced from the best available copy