ERIC Number: ED102119
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Feb
Reference Count: 0
A Case Study of Educational Innovation in a Junior High School: Interaction of Environment and Structure. Research and Development Memorandum No. 132.
Bredo, Anneke E.; Bredo, Eric R.
The interaction of environmental and structural factors is explored in this case study of innovation in a junior high school. It is argued here that when diffuse or ambiguous environmental pressure for substantial change are combined with a differentiated structure, the frequent result is that organization participants develop vague, symbolic agreements. These are particularly likely to develop when there is considerable time pressure. Such agreements tend to conceal potential goal conflicts and leave technical details unclear. Attempting to implement symbolic agreements then results in unforeseen technical difficulties and conflict, frequently leading to rejection of the innovation. The paper concludes with a discussion of some alternative approaches to innovation that may help readers avoid these difficulties. Information for the case study was gathered over a 3-month period by means of observation, extensive interviews, and questionnaires given to the faculty. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Stanford Center for Research and Development in Teaching.