ERIC Number: ED101891
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
More Women Than Men: Implications of the Changing Sex Ratio.
Skrabanek, R. L.
Texas, like the rest of the nation, is undergoing a shift toward an excess of females. Review of the changing balance of the sexes reveals that there were only 95.9 males per 100 females in 1970 with a projected drop to 93.8 by 1980. In 1950 Texas had an excess of 15,000 males, but by 1960 females outnumbered males by 90,000 and by 234,000 in 1970. Females outlive males (those born in 1974 can expect to outlive males by almost 8 years), and even though historically more males are born than females, the mortality rate for males is higher at every age level; therefore, the number of females begins to increase proportionately with each advancement of age. In Texas there are more males in rural than in urban areas (in 1970, 100.1 per 100 females), but that ratio is declining due partially to the influence of rural to urban migration. Texas has more males per 100 females among whites than among nonwhites, their sex ratios being 96.3 and 93.1 respectively in 1970. Generally, the balance between the sexes determines to an important extent future patterns of fertility, mortality, and migration. Specifically it influences the institution of marriage (older women may be marrying younger men), control of wealth (widowed females will inherit male controlled wealth), and politics (a larger female constituency may serve female interests). (JC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Texas Agricultural Experiment Station.; Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Texas Agricultural Extension Service.
Identifiers - Location: Texas