ERIC Number: ED101863
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
Black Children-White Parents: A Study of Transracial Adoption.
Grow, Lucille J.; Shapiro, Deborah
This study was designed to provide information about the outcomes of transracial adoptions in response to a growing trend among adoption agencies to place children across racial lines. The study focused on 125 adopted black children and their white adoptive families. The children ranged in age from 5 to 19 years (median of age=8.8 years) and had lived with their adoptive families from 2 years and 10 months to over 18 years (median length of stay=7.2 years). The success of the transracial adoptions was assessed by a series of 15 measures including test scores, indices developed from different types of data supplied by the parents, teachers' evaluations, and interviewer ratings. Two interviews were held at one-year intervals to obtain the data. Success findings are reported in terms of test scores, symptom scores, interviewer, parent and teacher evaluations, peer relations, and attitudes toward blackness. A typology of white families who adopt black children is also presented. The general findings indicate that 77 percent of the transracial adoptions may be seen as successful--a rate approximately equal to that found in studies of conventional white adoptions as well as those of older children and other racial groups. (SDH)
Descriptors: Adoption, Black Influences, Black Youth, Child Welfare, Evaluation Methods, Family Characteristics, Interviews, Parent Child Relationship, Peer Relationship, Racial Attitudes, Racial Factors, Racial Integration, Success, Tables (Data), Teacher Attitudes, Whites
Child Welfare League of America, Inc., 44 East 23rd Street, New York, New York 10010 (paper, $5.95 plus $0.60 postage and handling)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Children's Bureau (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Child Welfare League of America, Inc., New York, NY.