ERIC Number: ED101727
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of Multiple and Linear Image Presentations of a Comparative Visual Location Task with Visual and Haptic College Students.
Ausburn, Floyd B.
A study was made to determine whether different methods of visual presentations would affect the retention rate of individuals with two distinct types of perception--visual and haptic. The visual type, according to a study by Viktor Lowenfeld in 1957, is marked by the following characteristics: (1) ability to see wholes, break them into visual details, and then recombine them into visual wholes; (2) tendency to visualize kinesthetic and tactile experiences; and (3) ability to hold visual images mentally. The haptic type is marked by the following characteristics; (1) inability to discriminate fine visual detail; (2) inability to visualize tactile experiences; and (3) inability to hold visual images mentally. The experimental task was designed to test the ability of subjects to view three pictures of a piece of equipment. One group received a sequential linear presentation of three pictures, and a second group received a multiple image presentation of the task. The findings of the study suggest the following: (1) Visuals performed better over-all than haptics on a task which required the apprehension, retention, and utilization of visual cues; (2) A simultaneous multiple image presentation of visual stimuli resulted in better over-all performance on such a task than a linear presentation; and (3) Haptics benefited more than visuals from the use of multiple images. Therefore, changing methods of presentation may increase other aptitudes in which haptics are weak. (KKC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Association for Educational Communications and Technology Annual Convention (Dallas, Texas, April 14-17, 1975)