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ERIC Number: ED101578
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Dec
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Finnish in America: Two Kinds of Finglish.
Karttunen, Frances; Moore, Kate
The Finnish language spoken by Finns who emigrated to America is often called "Finglish;" two distinct varieties are discussed in this paper. American Finnish differs from native Finnish in its assimilation of a substantial number of loan words that augment and sometimes replace the original vocabulary. Many loan words deal with employment, foodstuffs, or environment, and have been adapted to Finnish morphology and phonology by a series of word-formation and pronunciation rules. These include stem formation to attach suffixes, consonant cluster simplification, stress adjustment, devoicing obstruents, and altering fricatives, affricates, labials and vowels to conform to Finnish phonology and inflection. One American Finn was found who speaks and writes a form of Finglish different from that recorded by researchers: it is based on English. Some of his writings are analyzed according to the same principles as the previously mentioned speech, and the two dialects are compared. (CK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Material in first part of paper will appear in "Finnish in America: A Case Study in Monogenerational Language Change" by Frances Karttunen, in "The Social Dimension of Language Change," Blount and Sanches, eds., Sumner Press, 1975