ERIC Number: ED101556
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Dec
Reference Count: 0
On the Acquisition of Estonian. Papers and Reports on Child Language Development No. 3.
Vihman, Marilyn May
The speech of a 2-year-old monolingual Estonian child was studied over a period of six months. The child's initial and medial consonants and clusters were examined and charted to highlight her difficulties. Stops and nasals were easier than fricatives and sonorants; by 1 year 7 months the labials were essentially mastered; fricatives were more difficult, and the /r/ sound had not been achieved at all. Final consonants were also studied, as were vowels and clusters. Vowels /i/, /a/, /u/ were simpler, but /e/ and /o/ harder to say, both in stressed and unstressed use. The phonological processes were examined to determine what organizing principle is at work in sound selection. Syntactic and morphological analysis allowed classification and quantification of words in the child's lexicon, with common nouns by far the most numerous. The total lexicon is appended to the report. (CK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Committee on Linguistics.