ERIC Number: ED101529
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Mand Interactions in Retarded and Nonretarded Adolescents: An Observational Study in Vocational Settings. Working Paper No. 299.
Holvoet, Jennifer F.; And Others
A three-unit contingency record of the types of mands (instructions, commands, directions, and questions) presented, the classes of response evoked, and the consequent conditions for the responses was used in an observational study of "mand interactions" between supervisors and employees of four groups: nonretarded adolescents living and working in the community; moderately and mildly retarded institutionalized adolescents working in the community; and moderately and mildly retarded adolescents living and working in an institution. The results provided some evidence that the majority of mands in vocational settings are in an explicit form requiring an observable response; incorrect responding to mands per se is virtually nonexistent in vocational settings; and consequences of responses to mands are usually unobservable, i.e., neither positive nor negative. Training emphases indicated by the data involved acquisition of verbal repertoires including inquiry skills and conversational skills which may serve as socially acceptable alternatives to immediate compliance with mands. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Parsons State Hospital and Training Center, KS.