ERIC Number: ED101441
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Feb
Reference Count: 0
An Organizational Explanation of the Failure of Alternative Schools. Research and Development Memorandum No. 133.
Deal, Terrence E.
Many alternative schools established in the late 1960's and early 1970's eventually dissolved or became as traditional as their predecessors. This paper offers an organizational explanation of the failure of alternative schools. The author discusses criteria for identifying alternative schools and suggests a three-stage developmental model describing the school's progression from euphoria to psychic upheaval to dissatisfaction. The dissatisfaction stage evenutally results in one of three possible outcomes for an alternative school: dissolution, movement toward more traditional forms, or resolution of dissatisfactions and retention of the alternative character. Anecdotal evidence from two case studies is presented to support the developmental model. The author suggests that successful alternative schools have developed a well-integrated and formalized, yet pluralistic and individualistic, structure capable of supporting a complex instructional program. (Author/JG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Stanford Center for Research and Development in Teaching.