ERIC Number: ED101410
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Proximity: Location, Time, and Opportunity to Communicate.
Kirste, Kenneth K.; Monge, Peter R.
Traditional measures of proximity all share three common weaknesses: (1) they are based on ratio-level measurement of physical distance that may not correspond to "psychological distance;" (2) they measure distance as a fixed rather than variable quantity; and (3) they measure distance between pairs of individuals rather than larger groups of people. A conceptualization of proximity which attempts to deal with these problems for use in large organizations is developed in this paper. Proximity is defined as the probability of people being in the same location at the same point in time, that is, as an opportunity for face-to-face communication made possible by time and space. It is operationalized as a mean joint probability among all people in the organization. A computer program, PROXVAL, which was developed to calculate the required quantities, is described. Initial attempts at pilot testing the procedure are reported. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Speech Communication Association (Newport Beach, California, November 1974)