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ERIC Number: ED101408
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Dec
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Psychological Burden of Proof: Or, Deviations from Whately's Theory of Presumption in Modern Texts on Argumentation and Debate.
Sproule, J. Michael
This paper argues that the concept of presumption and burden of proof as developed in twentieth century argumentation texts is distinct from the theory developed and perfected by Whately in his "Elements of Rhetoric." The first section of this paper reviews the concepts of presumption and burden of proof as described by Whately, examining how the theory evolved and became more psychologically based. The second section reviews the development of presumption and burden of proof in 26 argumentation texts, showing how presumption is treated with either nonexistent or circumscribed attention to the psychological aspects of presumption. It is concluded from a comparison of Whately's theory to the applications of these concepts in twentieth century argumentation and debate texts that the assumed relationship between the two is generally not valid. (TS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A