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ERIC Number: ED101389
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Nov
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Coping with Dialectical Tensions.
Brockriede, Wayne
This paper discusses some of the central issues involved in philosophizing about rhetoric by raising two primary questions within the context of three traditional branches of philosophy: ontology, axiology, and epistemology. The two questions raised are: What are dialectical tensions in a philosophy of rhetoric? and How does a person try to cope with them? By using a construct of dialectic involving choice but not resolution, an ontological tension concerns the construction of reality through the interaction of certainty and uncertainty. An axiological tension concerns the conflict between polar opposites (i.e., the value of control vs. the value of choice, the conflict between security and freedom). An epistemological tension involves determining what data is acceptable in pursuing reliable knowledge. A construct of argument is proposed as a method for coping with dialectical tensions. Six characteristics of the construct are: an inferential leap from one belief to the adoption of a new one; a perceived rationale for the leap; a choice among two or more competing claims; a regulation of uncertainty; the risk of confronting one's peers with one's choices; and a frame of reference shared optimally by those who argue. (TS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Speech Communication Assn. (Newport Beach, California, Nov. 24-27, 1974)