ERIC Number: ED101317
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Semantic Versus Physical Processing in Children's Recall and Clustering of Pictures. Technical Report No. 312.
Yussen, Steven R.; And Others
This study was conducted to determine whether the recent semantic-physical processing distinction that Jenkins and his associates have invoked to account for differences in subjects' recall and clustering of verbal materials could be extended to include pictorial materials as well. In the first experiment, second-grade children were exposed to 15 line drawings cross-classified to represent four taxonomic categories and four shape categories, with four instances per category. In the second experiment, first graders freely sorted the pictures and were classified as semantic or physical processors based on their predominant bases of sorting. Following exposure (experiment 1) or sorting (experiment 2), the subjects were asked to recall the picture names. Results of both experiments showed that semantic activity yields greater recall than physical activity. The second experiment also showed that semantic activity yields greater semantic clustering in recall and that physical activity yields greater physical clustering. (Author/RB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.
Note: Report from the Project on Children's Learning and Development