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ERIC Number: ED101227
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Sep
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Knowing the Sort of Help That Is Really Needed: A Consideration of Developmental Prerequisites to Effective Helping Behavior.
Chandler, Michael
Much of the research on the topic of altruism reads as though the principal developmental problems which face the child are those of acquiring a repertoire of benevolent acts, and deciding under which circumstances those acts are to be put in play. The author suggests that any full inquiry into the developmental course of altruistic behavior must include attention to the processes by which children come to recognize and identify other people's needs, and frame responses which reflect this understanding. He further argues that altruism cannot be defined in exclusively behavioral terms, but must consider the intentions which underlie, as well as the consequences which follow upon, responses to the distress of others. The overly insular approach by other writers to the study of altruism leads the author of this paper to express the criticisms, concerns and counter suggestions described. By contriving assessment situation which tend to remove from subjects the obligation of recognizing the need for some altruistic gesture, and often relieving them of the responsibility of determining the particular type of help that might be required, research in this area has served artificially to separate altruism from the remainder of the child's socio-cognitive development. (Author/PC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Psychological Association Convention (82nd, New Orleans, Louisiana, August 1974)