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ERIC Number: ED101222
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Dec
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Reciprocal Contracting with Families of Adolescents.
Lipinski, Judith M.; Lawrence, P. Scott
The use of reciprocal behavior contracts with families of behavior-problem adolescents was investigated. Most family contracting to date has involved one-way contracts; that is, the child agrees to certain responsibilities for which he will be reinforced by the parents. A reciprocal contract requires the parents, in addition to the child, to agree to certain responsibilities (or behaviors) in exchange for which the child offers reinforcers to the parents. This novel form of contracting has arisen from serious consideration of the interaction process as analyzed by Thibaut and Kelly (1959) and Patterson (Neuringer & Michael, 1971). The theoretical frame of Thibaut and Kelly suggests that dyadic interactions are reciprocal and that the rewards of the interactions are based upon the responses of both persons not just one. Patterson's theory also stresses this reciprocity; in addition, his clinical work notes that to maintain parent behavior of reinforcing children for positive behavior, the parent in turn needs reinforcement from the children. In addition to presenting this theoretical framework for a new orientation to contracting with families of adolescents, the paper presents three pilot case studies. Problems with this procedure and suggestions for implementation are discussed. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Meeting of the Association for the Advancement of Behavior Therapy (Miami Beach, Florida, December 1973)