ERIC Number: ED101221
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Success Avoidant Motivation and Behavior; Its Development Correlates and Situational Determinants. Final Report.
Horner, Matina S.
This paper reports on a successful attempt to understand success avoidant motivation and behavior by the development of an empirically sophisticated scoring system of success avoidant motivation and the observation of its behavioral correlates and situational determinants. Like most of the work on achievement motivation, the study was carried out within the conceptual framework of an Expectancy-Value theory of motivation. Within this context, motivation or goal-directed tendencies are considered the result of an interaction between stable motives that characterize the individual personality and other more immediate situational factors, with particular emphasis given to the person's expectations about the consequences of his actions in a particular situation. The scoring system does not depend on reaction to any one specific cue and avoids most of the major problems encountered in earlier research. It can be used with any number of cues and can be applied to a variety of neutral cues. In addition to the original population sample, a sample of females was used to cross-validate the scoring system by writing TAT stories under neutral conditions and later performing in a competitive mixed sex situation similar to the original study. This cross-validation adds credibility that the system can be applied to a variety of cues. Suggestions for further analysis and study are presented. (Author/PC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Dept. of Psychology and Social Relations.