ERIC Number: ED101130
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison Between Lecture and Independent Study Methods of Instruction in Dental Radiology with Provision for Individual Differences.
Diemer, Richard M.; Mazzocco, Daniel M.
Hypothesizing that experimentation with various teaching methodologies and individual student differences may show certain teaching methods to be more effective than others for a certain type of student, the authors studied the application of such experimentation to a portion of the radiology sequence in the dental curriculum. A review of the literature on the lecture method of instruction, the independent study method of instruction, and individual differences included findings in education and psychology, since studies generated by the health professions are not abundant. The study, in determining the effects of the two methods of instruction, the effects of personality (group dependency vs. self-sufficiency, need achievement), and the interaction effects between them, employed 134 first-year undergraduate dental students as subjects. They were administered a standard battery of psychological tests and were classified in the two personality groups and as high or low need achievers on the basis of the results. Achievement test score was the study's dependent variable. It was concluded that instructional methodology, personality type, and need achievement produced no significant differences in performance. Data were tabulated and presented in support of the conclusion. (A five-page bibliography and test forms for psychological tests and class tests are appended.) (AG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD. Div. of Dental Health.
Authoring Institution: N/A