ERIC Number: ED101055
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: 0
Jobs, Training, and Attitudes of Workers. Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers No. 204-74.
Sorensen, Aage B.; Kalleberg, Arne L.
In a highly complex occupational structure with a great deal of mobility of men among jobs, the process of matching men to jobs is by no means automatic, but determined by complex mechanisms that may produce discrepancies between jobs and men--discrepancies that are a likely source of negative job attitudes. This paper focuses on the mechanisms that produce discrepancies between men's skills and the requirements of jobs, and discrepancies between men's aspirations for status and income and the wages and prestige a job provides. The paper outlines a number of concepts relevant for the analysis of the occurrence of such discrepancies: characteristics of the production of skills and aspirations, characteristics of jobs such as the nature of competition they generate and the flexibility of tasks, and characteristics of the labor market such as the rate of change in job content, employment levels, and the distribution of information about job opportunities. Finally the paper attempts to specify some of the organizational characteristics that determine the strength of the relationship between actual discrepancies between job and men and job attitudes. (Appended is a two-page bibliography.) (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.