ERIC Number: ED101042
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Sep-11
Reference Count: 0
The Effectiveness of Secondary and Higher Education Intervention Programs: A Critical Review of the Research.
Tinto, Vincent; Sherman, Roger H.
Since the 1950's a number of large-scale intervention programs have been created to promote equality of educational opportunity among diverse social groups through the provision of additonal resources to the educational environments of selected students from disadvantaged backgrounds. At the secondary and postsecondary levels, such programs have usaully sought to raise the academic achievements and motivation of selected students from lower socioeconomic backgrounds and increase the numbers of such persons graduating from high school, enrolling in college, and graduating from college. Although these intervention efforts have been in operation for many years, little is known about their collective impact on the targeted populations. The present report attempts to alter this situation by reviewing and synthesiging the available literature as to the effects of intervention programs at the secondary and higher education levels. Making such a synthesis is a difficult and hazardous enterprise. Problems arise because many of the studies have looked at different outcomes, for different populations, at different points in time, in different educational settings, using different measures and different research designs. In addition, there is the difficulty of determining the reliability and validity of a study's findings. On the whole, virtually all of the evaluations are seriously flawed. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Planning, Budgeting, and Evaluation.
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Teachers College.