ERIC Number: ED101033
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Development Towns in Israel: The Role of Community in Creating Ethnic Disparities in Labor Force Characteristics. Discussion Papers No. 230-74.
Spilerman, Seymour; Habib, Jack
Israel is a society with a considerable tradition of social planning and centralized decision making. The government, consequently, was in a position to undertake far-reaching decisions concerning population redistribution. The instrument to accomplish population redistribution was to be a network of small and medium sized urban settlements, located away from the densely populated coastal plain, which have become known as "development towns." They are, then, related to suburbanization in a peculiar way, in that their construction constitutes a governmental response to an unwelcome process of metropolitan growth and suburb proliferation. These new towns have been the focus of much concern. They are populated by recent immigrants, particularly from less developed lands. Many are isolated, outside the main stream of Israeli society geographically as well as socially. For these reasons, the settlements constitute, in many respects, a second and inferior Israel. This paper considers how these settlements have influenced: (1) the areal distributions of different ethnic (country-of-origin) groups, (2) the tendency for each group to be concentrated in certain industries, and (3) the occupational opportunities available to the members of an ethnic population. In the concluding section, the relevance of these considerations for understanding the role of community in ethnic stratification in America is reviewed. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Brookdale Inst. of Gerontology and Adult Human Development, Jerusalem (Israel).; Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.
Identifiers - Location: Israel