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ERIC Number: ED100957
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Pages: 35
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Reality Research: An "Open" Systems Approach.
Betts, Francis M., III
Some complexities and difficulties in conducting educational research without an adequate systems view are indicated. Educational programs and problems can be differentiated into at least two main streams based on epistemological assumptions. Based on this differentiation, the researcher may apply different techniques and theories from several different disciplines in examining or explaining the behavior of the system. The "closed" systems approach is more closely identified with what the author calls "traditional" or content-oriented education. If, however, the educational program is characterized as "humanistic" the assumptions about "closed" systems behavior and traditional research appear to be contradictory and must give way to the more wholistic, "open" approach. This"open" approach first requires the researchers to examine the problem in terms of the values held or advocated by the program from several different perspectives. When the program can be characterized with respect to its inherent educational values based on an epistemological consideration, a research model which is congruent can be designed. Ideally, the basic program design will have incorporated a research process as an integrated, continuing aspect of the program. Such would be the case if educational administrators and innovators, as well as researchers, adopted an open systems view. (Author/RC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A