ERIC Number: ED100792
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Multicultural Education: In Search of Definitions and Goals.
Banks, James A.
The major goals of education for ethnic minority youth should be to maximize their cultural and social options, to present them with cultural and ethnic alternatives, and to help them attain the skills which they need to function successfully in different co-cultures. The school needs to become a multi-ethnic institution which accepts, encourages, and perpetuates values endemic to diverse ethnic communities. However, focus on ethnic and cultural variables must not divert attention from the role of individual and institutional racism in American society. Effective educational policy and programs must be based on research and theory which focus on both race and cultures and the complex interactions between these two major variables as well as related variables, such as socioeconomic status, ethnicity, values, language, and behavioral patterns. Because of the immense complexity of the problem, there is a need to examine multiple variables in determining causes and to devise effective change programs related to race and education. Further research and analyses need to better clarify the relationship between cultures and race in explaining interracial problems and conflict. Concepts related to race and ethnicity can best guide the research and programmatic efforts in this field. (Author/JR)
Descriptors: Black Studies, Concept Formation, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Differences, Cultural Education, Cultural Pluralism, Culture, Definitions, Educational Programs, Educationally Disadvantaged, Ethnic Groups, Ethnic Relations, Ethnic Studies, Guidelines, Intercultural Programs, Minority Groups, Objectives, Racial Relations
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Academy of Education, Syracuse, NY.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Institute on Cultural Pluralism (Chicago, Illinois, November 17-19, 1974)