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ERIC Number: ED100781
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Student Values as Educational Objectives. SSEC Publication No. 124.
Scriven, Michael
In examining the role of values in the curriculum, the author raises four problems: (1) Can one justify trying to change student values at all? (2) Can one justify one particular set of values? (3) Can one demonstrate the occurrence of change in student values due to the educational factor? and (4) Can one measure student values? The goal, in value matters, is the discovery of the solution to problems of selection and rejection that require professional expertise and demonstration of the validity of these solutions. If a value is held and if it cannot be shown to be a derived value based on faulty reasoning or false premises or conflicting with other sound values, then acting to promote this value is justified. In teaching values a teacher should teach as facts only those assertions which can be objectively established. Further, one should teach the development of skills with which students may arrive at and test conclusions, the idea that certain established conclusions can be reassessed in the light of new evidence and later be proved wrong, and the development of both cognitive and affective dimensions. In measuring the change in student values much research is needed to develop an adequate instrument. The author still considers the Hartshorne and May instrument, published in 1928, as the best for determining and measuring values. (Author/DE)
SSEC, Social Science Education Consortium, 855 Broadway, Boulder, Colorado 80302 (SSEC No. 124, $1.00 prepaid)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Cooperative Research Program.
Authoring Institution: Social Science Education Consortium, Inc., Boulder, CO.