ERIC Number: ED100560
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Rural Employment, Migration, and Economic Development: Theoretical Issues and Empirical Evidence from Africa. Africa Rural Employment Paper No. 1.
Byerlee, Derek; Eicher, Carl K.
Employment problems in Africa were examined with special emphasis on rural employment and migration within the context of overall economic development. A framework was provided for analyzing rural employment in development; that framework was used to analyze empirical information from Africa; and theoretical issues were raised in analyzing rural employment and migration in economic development. The framework consisted of a micro-economic analysis of the rural labor market; an analysis of rural urban migration; and an aggregate analysis of rural employment as influenced by interaction in the product and factor markets of four sectors--urban, large and small scale; rural nonfarm; and agriculture. Results showed deficiencies in micro-level information (role of the nonfarm sector and farm mechanization); migration information (rural-urban income differentials, capital transfer measurements, and migration elasticity); and established macro-models (they lacked adequate employment focus, were partial equilibrium analyses of more complex problems, and reflected institutional assumptions not widely applicable in the African context). Recommendations emphasized development of better theory and collection of more solid micro-level data, specifically further research on rural employment, off farm employment, and migration. (JC)
Descriptors: Agriculture, Capital, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Economic Research, Employment Projections, Income, Information Needs, Labor Market, Literature Reviews, Migration Patterns, Public Policy, Rural Areas, Rural to Urban Migration, Rural Urban Differences, Technological Advancement, Urban Areas
African Rural Employment Study, Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48823
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Agency for International Development (Dept. of State), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Dept. of Agricultural Economics.
Identifiers - Location: Africa