ERIC Number: ED100527
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Jun-30
Reference Count: 0
Social Perception and Peer Group Interaction in Infancy. Final Report.
This paper presents two studies of the development of social competencies in infancy. In the first experiment, the central issue investigated was whether facial configuration or height is utilized by infants to respond differentially to children and adults. Five different strangers, a male and a female child, a male and a female adult, and a small adult female of the children's height (midget), each approached 40 different infants between the ages of 7 and 24 months. The infants did respond as if there were three classes of persons; infants as young as 7 months of age reacted to the size-facial configuration discrepancy of the small adult. The second experiment examined infants' relationship with other infants and further explored person differentiation. Sixteen groups of four infants, either 12-13 months or 18-19 months of age, were observed while in a playroom with their mothers. The data indicate that infants respond differently to unfamiliar adults, peers, and their own mothers. Also, developmental trends in peer interaction were traced, as the 12- and 18-month-olds were found to differ in terms of their peer-peer interactions. (SDH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.