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ERIC Number: ED100518
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Aug
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Maternal Behavior and Sex of Infant.
Will, Jerrie Ann; And Others
This study examines the influence of maternal predispositions toward sex-appropriate behavior and the mother's response to "feminine" or "masculine" cues in infant behavior. In the investigation, one 6-month-old male infant was presented to 11 mothers who served as subjects. The infant was dressed as either boy (blue clothes) and named Adam, or dressed in a pink dress and named Beth. The two theories tested were: (1) if mothers react only to the infants' cues, their behavior with the child should not differ significantly; and (2) if mothers act on the basis of preconceptions, differential treatment of "Beth" and "Adam" would be expected. The mothers were observed and tape recorded while playing with the child and interviewed after the play period. The results indicated that mothers do behave differently toward infants on the basis of the infant's perceived sex in the areas of toy choice and social stimulation. They do not, however, report consistent observed differences in the behavior of boys and girls at 6 months of age. Also, mothers do not seem to be aware of their differential treatment of male and female infants. (SDH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (82nd, New Orleans, Louisiana, Aug. 30-Sept. 3, 1974)