ERIC Number: ED100482
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Facilitation of Young Children's Recall Through the Use of Non-Meaningful Recall Cues.
Moely, Barbara E.
This study was designed to investigate recall in preschool children, specifically the cuing technique and possible storage-retrieval differences. Forty-eight 4-years-old were divided into two groups. In the blocked presentation condition, items were presented in category sets of three items, with all items from a single category on cards of one color. In the random presentation condition, cards were also presented in sets blocked on color, but the items on each set were members of different conceptual categories. Results indicated that nonmeaningful recall cues affected young children's typical ways of organizing materials for recall, in ways that either facilitated or were detrimental to the organization and recall of category items. Cues with no meaningful relationship to items cued cannot serve effectively as "reminders" of another category unit, unlike meaningful cues which have been shown in a number of studies to increase the number of categories represented in recall. Nonmeaningful cues can work like meaningful cues with young children in helping them to organize their recalls and, thus, increase the amount recalled from these categories that are assessed. (ED)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (82nd, New Orleans, Louisiana, Aug. 30-Sept. 3, 1974)