ERIC Number: ED100123
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Anticipation of Cognitive Behavior of Mentally Retarded and Nonretarded Children. Final Report 16.3.
Semmel, Melvyn I.; And Others
The study attempted to determine the relative accuracy with which 290 college students anticipated the responses of a group of 65 educable mentally retarded (EMR) males (11- to 14-years-old) and a group of 66 normal children (10- to 14-years-old). College students were asked to predict responses to EMR and normal children to questions designed to emphasize cognitive processes rather than academic skills. Anticipations were analyzed according to the students' sex, academic major, age, hours in special education courses, and experience with EMR children. Data, shown in tables which provide detailed statistical analyses, indicated that all groups of college students anticipated the nonretarded children's responses at a reasonable level of accuracy (mean of 13.2 correct answers out of a possible 24), but that none of the groups correctly anticipated responses of EMR Ss at any level of proficiency (mean of 5.5 correct answers out of 24). However, special education majors, students in special education courses, students who had had experience with EMR children, oldest students, and females were better than their counterparts in anticipating responses of the EMR group. Appendixes provide questions used in preparing the normative data base, tables that indicate responses of the EMR and the nonretarded groups, instructions to the college students, and correlation matrices. (LH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington. Center for Innovation in Teaching the Handicapped.
Note: For related information see ED 074 689