ERIC Number: ED099992
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Interorganizational Measurement: Differences Between Types of Organizations.
Warren, Richard D.; And Others
Researchers have given little attention to theory on the measurement of interorganizational relations (IOR). The purpose of this paper is to analyze one factor influencing the development of such a theory. Eight items indicating low to high intensity IOR are postulated: (1) director awareness, (2) director acquaintance, (3) director interaction, (4) information exchange, (5) resource exchange, (6) overlapping membership, (7) joint programs, and (8) written agreements. The theoretical order of these items is tested empirically across four types of organizations distinguished by funding source: (1) voluntary, (2) public, (3) professional, and (4) interorganizational. Guttman analysis is used to test item orderings. The postulated theoretical order and the empirical orderings for each type of organization are statistically significant. Three items--director awareness, director acquaintance, and written agreements--are in the same order in the theoretical and empirical orderings for all four organizational types. It is concluded that type of organization is a moderator variable. Analysis of the empirical orderings suggests the following revised general theoretical order: (1) director awareness, (2) director acquaintance, (3) information exchange, (4) director interaction, (5) joint programs, (6) resource exchange, (7) overlapping boards, and (8) written agreements. Evaluation indicates the revised theoretical ordering is statistically significant. (Author/DN)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Public Health Service (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Iowa Agricultural and Home Economics Experiment Station, Ames.