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ERIC Number: ED099902
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Apr
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Study of Nonverbal Communication and Leadership Emergence in Task-Oriented and Informal Small Group Discussions.
Schubert, Arline; And Others
Fifty volunteer undergraduate students majoring in speech pathology and audiology at the University of North Dakota tested the following hypotheses: (1) leaders exhibit significantly more nonverbal cues than do nonleaders in task-oriented and informal small groups; (2) members of task-oriented small groups exhibit significantly more nonverbal cues than do members of informal small groups; and (3) leadership emergence and group type interact, as leaders in task-oriented groups exhibit significantly more nonverbal cues than do leaders of informal groups and nonleaders in either group type. The volunteers were randomly placed in 10 discussion groups consisting of five members each. Five of the groups were randomly designated as task-oriented, and five were designated as informal groups. With task-oriented and informal groups combined, the results indicated that perceived leadership correlated significantly with being perceived as informed, liked, and enjoying the discussion. Significant negative correlations were obtained between perceived leadership and being the least liked member of the group, the most disagreeable member, and the member who enjoyed the discussion the least. (SW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Communication Association (New Orleans, Louisiana, April 17-20, 1974)