ERIC Number: ED099799
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: 0
Motivational Aspects of the Literacy Problem.
Resnick, Lauren B.; Robinson, Betty H.
This paper deals with the question of academic motivation. It argues that perseverance at learning is not a function simply of inheritance, early socialization, or current cultural conditions, but rather an interaction of these factors with key aspects of the educational environment. Two distinct conceptions of motivation are outlined: motivation in a selective model of education and motivation in an adaptive model. In the main body of the paper four factors are proposed to account for perseverance at learning: aspiration, expectations, external rewards, and intrinsic reinforcement. Each of these is described, and their function in the design of educational programs for children and functionally illiterate adults is discussed. Reading is used as the example in these discussions. In the final section, the problem of motivating teachers to adopt new educational practices is analyzed in terms of the above mentioned factors. This paper will be of interest to teachers, school supervisors, educational researchers and curriculum designers, and others interested in the psychology of instruction. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Learning Research and Development Center.