ERIC Number: ED099724
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Client Expectations for Counseling.
Tinsley, Howard E. A.; Harris, Donna J.
Clients enter counseling with expectations regarding what counseling will be like. It is widely believed that effectiveness of counseling is closely linked with these expectancies. This study was designed to determine the degree to which college students actually possess such expectations and to investigate the relationship of their expectations to their sex and college class. A questionnaire regarding expectations for counseling was given to 287 students and included 24 questions dealing with the subject's expectancies regarding his own behavior in counseling, and 64 statements concerning the subject's expectations about how the counselor would behave during counseling. Results suggested that subjects indicated an expectation that counseling in general could be helpful, they expressed doubt that it could ever be helpful to them, personally. Results also indicated that the longer students remained in college, the less they anticipated contact with an expert, accepting counselor. Findings were consistent with those of Apfelbaum (1958) in that females expected the counselor to be accepting and nonjudgemental while males anticipated a more directive and critical counselor. (Author/PC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Psychological Association Convention (82nd, New Orleans, Louisiana, August 1974)