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ERIC Number: ED099696
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Influence of Attitudinal Similarity to a Defendant and Victim on Guilt Attribution by Simulated Jurors.
Schmitt, Neal; Colligan, Michael
The present study tested the "just world" hypothesis that a socially respectable person is more at fault in a crime in which he or she is the victim. It was assumed that the attitudinal similarity of a hypothetical juror to the victim and the defendant would make both the victim and the defendant more respectable. Employing a 2 (victim vs. defendant description) X 2 (similarity vs. dissimilarity of attitudinal information) X 2 (male vs. female respondent) design, it was found that in a rape case males attribute more guilt to a defendant who is similar to themselves, as opposed to one dissimilar; females attribute more guilt to a victim when the defendant is described as similar as opposed to dissimilar to themselves. Thus male responses confirmed the "just world" notion while female responses were in direct contradiction. (Author)
Neal Schmitt, Department of Psychology, Olds Hall, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48823
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A