ERIC Number: ED099581
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-May
Reference Count: 0
Career Anchors and Career Paths: A Panel Study of Management School Graduates. Technical Report No. 1.
Schein, Edgar H.
The first of a series, this report describes a 10-year followup study of a sample of 44 graduates of the Sloan School of Management, analyzing the interaction of personal values and career events in the lives of managers in organizations. All 44 participants were located, interviewed, and given the same attitude surveys as in the early 1960's. This particular report deals with those results pertaining to the "career anchor" concept, a motivational/attitudinal/value syndrome which guides and constrains an individual's career and reflects both individual and societal influences. Five basic career anchors were defined from the point of view of participants in the study: (1) managerial competence, (2) technical/functional competence, (3) organizational security, (4) creativity, and (5) autonomy. Although formal titles or career paths may appear overtly similar, important differences may exist in the anchors of career occupants. Classification into career anchor groups was on the basis of reasons for career choice, reasons for job moves, and objectives in life. The concept of career anchor was found to be a viable categorization method. Implications for the concept of career anchors are the early identification of these syndromes and the creating of congruent career opportunities. (EA)
Descriptors: Administration, Career Development, Careers, Creativity, Followup Studies, Interviews, Job Satisfaction, Management Development, Managerial Occupations, Motivation, Occupational Surveys, Organizations (Groups), Performance, Self Actualization, Tables (Data), Technology, Values, Work Attitudes
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC. Organizational Effectiveness Research Program.
Authoring Institution: Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge. Alfred P. Sloan School of Management.