ERIC Number: ED099578
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Attitudes, Behaviors, and Effectiveness of Black and White Leaders of Simulated Problem Solving Groups of Varying Size and Racial Composition.
Hill, Walter A.; Allen, William R.
A field experiment was used to investigate the effects, if any, of changing group size and racial composition on the attitudes, behaviors, and effectiveness of black and white leaders. Subjects were 288 naval recruits, half black and half white, performing two tasks which were watched by a pair of racially mixed observers through a one-way mirror. This study found that white leaders achieved better performance from their groups than black leaders did; white-led groups of all types performed quicker. This contrasts sharply with laboratory study which showed no differences in the performance of all white, all black, and mixed dyads led by black and white student leaders. Some explanations are offered for the differences, but they remain to be tested and validated. (NTIS/AG)
Descriptors: Attitudes, Black Leadership, Classification, Group Behavior, Group Dynamics, Group Guidance, Group Structure, Leadership, Military Personnel, Organization Size (Groups), Psychological Studies, Racial Composition, Racial Factors
National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22151 (Order No. AD-780 272; MF-$1.45, HC-$7.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC. Organizational Effectiveness Research Program.
Authoring Institution: Florida Univ., Gainesville.