ERIC Number: ED099556
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Assessment of Work Climates: The Appropriateness of Classical-Management Theory and Human-Relations Theory under Various Contingencies. Final Report.
Langdale, John A.
The construct of "organizational climate" was explicated and various ways of operationalizing it were reviewed. A survey was made of the literature pertinent to the classical-human relations dimension of environmental quality. As a result, it was hypothesized that the appropriateness of the classical and human-relations master plans is moderated by at least 11 contingencies. A measure of the classical-to-human relations climate was developed and validated. Several additional hypotheses were also confirmed: (a) members generally perceive the human-relations atmosphere as more effective than the classical one, although this is much less true of supervisors than of nonsupervisors and was not true at all in some organizations; (b) supervisors tend to describe their systems' climate as more human-relations oriented than do nonsupervisors; (c) the present climate tends to be seen as more effective by supervisors than by nonsupervisors; and (d) climates whose facets are homogeneous or consistent with regard to a classical or human-relations quality are perceived as more effective than heterogeneous climates. The results were interpreted as supporting a contingency model of organizational design. Practical implications are discussed in the final section of the concluding chapter. (A comprehensive bibliography is included.) (Author/AG)
Descriptors: Administration, Administrator Attitudes, Employee Attitudes, Evaluation, Human Relations, Literature Reviews, Organization, Organizational Climate, Organizational Theories, Work Environment
National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22151
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Research and Development.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, New York University