ERIC Number: ED099302
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Chuckholes in the Bumpy Road from Research to Application.
Mackie, Robert R.
Neglected activities in the research-to-application process and various characteristics of basic studies in psychology are the causes of failure in translating research into operational applications. A model of activities involved in the research application process includes two areas of strength: (1) basic research on a constructed theory and (2) the development of technology and its practical application. Collation and interpretation of research--a demanding task--and the function of translating, or facilitating communication between research communities and the world of practice, are intermediating activities that need to be emphasized and recognized. The second cause of failure was conceptualized during an investigation of learning research: characteristics of experimental procedure found to determine a study's application potential became more applicable as experimenter control declined. For instance, an artifically controlled environment makes a study's application less practicable than a natural one. A similar continuum operates on the objective, task, stimulus, response, motivation, and time elements of basic research. One way to make basic research more applicable would be to define an investigatable problem through an analysis of an operational problem rather than through a review of prior basic research or through theory alone. (JH)
Descriptors: Communication (Thought Transfer), Curriculum Development, Educational Development, Educational Research, Educational Technology, Information Utilization, Learning Processes, Psychological Studies, Relevance (Education), Research Design, Research Reviews (Publications), Research Utilization, Social Science Research
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (New Orleans, Louisiana, August 1974)