NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED099169
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 183
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Some Aspects of the Relationship Between Content Structure and Cognitive Structure in Physics Instruction.
Shavelson, Richard Joseph
This study investigated the extent to which certain aspects of the structure of a learner's memory following instruction corresponded with the structure of the instructional material. Content structure was represented using digraph theory. The digraph analysis revealed a formal structure built substantially on six specific concepts. Cognitive structure was inferred from responses on a word association (WA) test. A relatedness coefficient (RC) was established. This was used to determine relationships between pairs of concepts retrieved from long-term memory. Forty high school students were pretested and randomly assigned to one of two groups: instruction (N=28) or control (N=12) group. All were pretested using aptitude tests, a WA test, and an achievement test. For the next five days, the instruction group studied the special instructional materials. After each period, a WA test was administered. All groups were posttested. All groups performed above chance on the achievement pretest. The experimental group gained significantly from pretest to posttest, while the control group showed no gain. Data from the WA test confirmed these findings. The number of responses to concepts increased from day to day for the experimental group. The same results occurred for the control for the first three tests, then leveled off well below the experimental group. (Author/EB)
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 71-19,759, MF-$5.00, Xerography-$11.00)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, Stanford University