ERIC Number: ED099162
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Outward Bound Participation Upon Anxiety and Self Concept.
Koepke, Sharon M.
Determined were the effects of the Outward Bound experience on the anxiety levels and self-concepts of 33 male and 11 female participants in a Colorado Outward Bound School course held in May 1973. Participants ranged from 16 to 38 years old, with the majority in the college age bracket. The course consisted of 23 days of intensive wilderness experience in the San Juan Mountains of southwest Colorado. Pre- and post-course tests were administered. Real and ideal self-concepts were measured through Gough Adjective Check Lists. State and trait anxieties were indexed by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. The comparison of pre- and post-course tests revealed that at the conclusion of the experience real self-concepts became more positive and more closely approached ideal self-concepts. Both state and trait anxieties decreased following participation. Low state and trait anxiety scores were found to be related to positive real self-concept measures. Females exhibited higher ideal self-concepts while males displayed a smaller discrepancy between real and ideal selves. Because the direction of all changes was the same for both sexes, it was concluded that Outward Bound participation had similar effects on male and female state anxiety, trait anxiety, real self-concept, and ideal self-concept. (Author/NQ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Colorado