ERIC Number: ED099116
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: 0
Children's Friendships in School Settings.
Asher, Steven R.; And Others
This paper reviews research on children's friendships in nursery and elementary school settings. Studies that have implications for educational practice were selected for review. The first part of the paper is concerned with the influence of enduring personal characteristics on peer relations. Some of the stereotypes that affect children's friendships include a child's name, physical appearance, race and sex. The second section reviews research on the influence of school environment on friendships. Classroom and school situation variables covered include population mobility, opportunities to participate in school activities, the kind of classroom activities that occur, and the opportunities to succeed. The third section examines research on the kinds of social skills important in achieving peer acceptance (responsive to peers, effective communication, expertise in school activities, know-how in building a relationship). The paper concludes with a discussion of ways in which children can be taught appropriate social skills for making friends. Teaching methods which include shaping, modeling, and coaching have been found effective with socially isolated children. (Author/ED)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Communication Skills, Educational Environment, Elementary School Students, Literature Reviews, Peer Acceptance, Peer Relationship, Physical Characteristics, Preschool Children, Race, Role Models, Sex Differences, Social Behavior, Social Development, Social Mobility, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Child Development (DHEW), Washington, DC.; National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Early Childhood Education, Champaign, IL.