ERIC Number: ED098932
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-May-31
Development of an Analytical Approach to Telegraphic Communication. Volume I. Final Report.
Martin, Clessen J.
It has been assumed that written and spoken language contains many words and word sequences which are unnecessary for the comprehension of a message. The purpose of this research was the development and evaluation of three major telegraphic production schemes. Telegraphic prose refers to an abbreviated writing style similar to that found in telegrams. These reduction schemes were based upon the analysis of word frequencies, grammatical categories, and kernel sentences. Eight experiments were conducted in which different types of educational materials were shortened to form various levels of word deletions of the traditionally written materials. Comprehension, reading rate, reading time, and presentation efficiency measures were obtained from samples of college students. The results showed that some degree of prose reduction was possible without significantly affecting reading performance. Extreme reduction levels in certain grammatical and word frequency categories did adversely affect performance. Results showed that the three telegraphic production schemes do provide a basis for the development of telegraphic materials. Results were interpreted as supporting the assumption that written language contains many words and word sequences which are unnecessary for the comprehension of newspaper style, fiction, and scientific materials. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas A and M Research Foundation, College Station.
Note: For a related document see Volume II, IR 001 309