ERIC Number: ED098828
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Oct
Reference Count: 0
An Approach to Verbalization and Translation by Machine. Final Report.
Chafe, Wallace L.
The report documents performance on a 24-month R&D effort oriented toward the development of a computerized model for machine translation of natural languages. The model is built around a set of procedures called verbalization, intended to stimulate the processes employed by a speaker or writer in turning stored information into words. Verbalization is seen to consist of subconceptualization and lexicalization processes which involve creative choices on the part of the verbalizer, together with algorithmic syntactic processes determined by the language being used. Translation is viewed as (1) the reconstruction of the verbalization processes which went into the original source language text and (2) the application of parallel verbalization processes in the target language. The target language verbalization looks for creative choices to the source language verbalization and tries to apply corresponding choices simultaneously with application of syntactic processes dictated by the grammar of the target language. Verbalization and translation processes are illustrated in some detail with examples taken from English and Japanese. Some of these processes have been implemented in an interactive program on CDC 6600 at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (AEC), but the main intent of the report is to demonstrate the kinds of processes that need to be incorporated in such a system. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley. Dept. of Linguistics.; Rome Air Development Center, Griffiss AFB, NY.