ERIC Number: ED098768
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Dec
Reference Count: 0
The Verbal Environment of the Language-Learning Child. ASHA Monographs, No. 17.
Broen, Patricia Ann
The language patterns of 10 mothers, each with a child between 18 and 26 months of age, was evaluated to determine differences in speech style when talking to a child in either the language learning stage or older. The study provided two 5-minute situations, a play situation and a storytelling situation, in which the mother's speech to her children was viewed. In general, mothers produced speech that was slow, with pauses located always, and only, at sentence boundaries when they talked with their younger children. They used a smaller vocabulary range and often repeated what they had said, with and without variation. Mothers seldom made linguistically meaningless repetitions or interjections, and they seldom produced broken sentences in talking with their younger children. The mothers' sentences fell into two major patterns--one built on the imperative sentence and the other including variations and permutations of a "be" sentence with "that", "this", "it", "there", or "here." Mothers also used more single-word responses and gramatically incomplete responses in talking with their younger children. (Author/DB)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Research, Development, and Demonstration Center in Education of Handicapped Children.; American Speech and Hearing Association, Washington, DC.