ERIC Number: ED098742
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Current Issues in Mental Retardation: Psychologists' Regional In-Service Meeting.
Caster, Jerry A.; Grimes, Jeff
Written for Iowa's school psychologists, the report examines current issues in mental retardation including the problem of definition, court actions affecting the schools, and trends in educational programming, evaluation, and diagnosis. Considered are reasons why mental retardation is difficult to define (such as the lack of an acceptable definition of intelligence), historical changes in the definition, and the differences between the 1961 and 1973 American Association on Mental Deficiency (AAMD) definitions. Iowa's current use of the 1961 AAMD definition is discussed. Recent court decisions on due process and service to low functioning children are reviewed as they affect school psychologists. Discussion of educational programming focuses implications of the trend toward the Cascade System of Special Educational Services (a continuum of instructional levels to meet the educational needs of children regardless of traditional labels); on the desirability of mainstreaming; and a special class curriculum and instruction. Effects of the Cascade System and the team approach on the school psychologist's role in identification, evaluation, and diagnosis, and a model process for making intervention decisions are examined. The author suggests that school psychologists become leaders and catalysts in changing professional practices in the education of mentally handicapped children. Listed and described are statewide health, education, and welfare services for the mentally handicapped available in Iowa. (LS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Iowa State Dept. of Public Instruction, Des Moines. Div. of Special Education.
Identifiers - Location: Iowa