ERIC Number: ED098721
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of Interaction Patterns in an Open Space and a Fixed Plan School. Final Report.
Montgomery County School System, Christiansburg, VA.; Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg.
This study investigates interaction patterns that occur in an open plan and in a traditional plan school. The objectives of the study were: (1) to investigate some interaction patterns among members of the school populations, (2) to investigate some interaction patterns between the school population and the available physical resources, (3) to investigate the physical systems as a background to the educational environment, and (4) to organize information to be used in developing design criteria for educational facilities. Two public elementary schools, matched for educational philosophy, available resources, budget, and demographic description, were selected for the study. Data were taken from discrete time sample viewing of remote-controlled videotape recordings made simultaneously in the schools, controlling for subject, time of day, and day of week. Videotape information was supplemented by informal interviews, observations, and measures of the physical environmental systems. The results suggest three general conclusions: (1) the open plan design appears to facilitate the interaction patterns of the schools' philosophy better than the fixed plan, (2) there is more use of the available physical resources in the open plan school, and (3) first grade and fourth grade interaction patterns may necessitate different design requirements. Photographs may reproduce poorly. (Author/MLF)
Descriptors: Architectural Research, Comparative Analysis, Design Requirements, Elementary Education, Environmental Research, Environmental Standards, Facility Requirements, Grade 1, Grade 4, Interaction Process Analysis, Open Plan Schools, Physical Environment, Space Classification, Traditional Schools, Use Studies, Videotape Recordings
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Montgomery County School System, Christiansburg, VA.; Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg.