ERIC Number: ED098648
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
The Speech of Fourth Graders in Fifteen Central Pennsylvania Schools: Phonological and Grammatical Variables.
Minderhout, Mary Alice W.; Minderhout, David J.
To determine both whether the speech of fourth graders designated as Title I students differs significantly in any way from that of non-Title I fourth graders and whether there are regional features in the speech of these students which would handicap their performance on a nationally standardized test, 68 children from the intermediate unit and elementary schools in six Pennsylvania school districts were interviewed. An equal number of Title I and non-Title I children was randomly selected from each school. Questioning was based on areas expected to be familiar to the informant such as childhood games, school activities, and favorite television programs. The research was divided into two parts. Casual conversation was obtained from the children and data from the first part of the study was analyzed. Games, word lists, and reading passages that were based on the children's actual speech were designed and utilized in the second round of interviews. Results revealed that there were no qualitative differences in the speech of Title I and non-Title I children, and that a few more Title I children used the more highly stigmatized grammatical forms such as multiple negation than did non-Title I children. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Elementary and Secondary Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.; Pennsylvania State Dept. of Education, Harrisburg.
Authoring Institution: Central Columbia School District, Bloomsburg, PA.; Central Susquehanna Intermediate Unit 16, Lewisburg, PA.
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title III