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ERIC Number: ED098524
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Sep
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Units of Word Recognition.
Santa, Carol M.; And Others
Both psychologists and reading specialists have been interested in whether words are processed letter by letter or in larger units. A reaction time paradigm was used to evaluate these options with interest focused on potential units of word recognition which might be functional within single syllable words. The basic paradigm involved presenting subjects with a five-letter word accompanied by a probe letter or letters (BLAST:BL). Subjects were to indicate if all letters in the probe were from the word. Reaction time for these decisions was measured for all probe types: single letter probes, all possible double letter probes, all triple letter probes, or the whole word as a probe. Several probe types were identified as being exceptionally easy to identify as members of the target word. The results were replicated in a second experiment under conditions where a visual match was not possible (BLAST:b1) and where a visual match was quite likely. A third experiment employed the same paradigm but with consonant strings which contained permissible spelling patterns or nonpermissible patterns. Permissible strings again showed a unit effect on the first and final consonant clusters. (Author/TO)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (82nd, New Orleans, Louisiana, Aug. 30-Sept. 3, 1974)