ERIC Number: ED098520
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Oct
Reference Count: 0
An Analysis of the Concepts of Reading. Final Report.
Ross, James F.
An initial philosophical analysis of "reading" has yielded; (1) that there cannot be a general definition of reading; (2) that the "focal" senses of "to read" indicate that reading is a form of linguistic perception carried out through the exercise of general linguistic abilities, adapted to a visual input of inscriptions with inherent linguistic meaning, so that differential linguistic perceptions, thus stimulated, correspond with objective meaning contrasts; (3) that "word recognition," exhibiting the same ambiguity as "to read," can be analyzed in its focal sense as the determination of the resultant (apprehended) meaning in accord with and in dependence on the objective meaning of the message unit; (4) that "to read" can be reductively analyzed in terms of linguistic abilities which are not specific reading abilities; (5) that there are neither specific reading abilities nor specific reading disabilities; (6) that presently available information concerning perceptual development, linguistic skills, reading defects and deficiencies can be incorporated within the conceptual paradigm here suggested. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia.