ERIC Number: ED098487
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: 0
The Engagement of Achievement-Related Motives: Achievement Arousal vs. Contingent Future Orientation.
Raynor, Joel O.
The author reviews research which examines a specific aspect of achievement arousal concerning the variable, "self-importance" of immediate activity. It also examines the relationship between "self-importance" and "future-importance"--that is, the extent to which possession of a certain personality attribute is believed necessary for achieving future goals. The author raises the question of whether the accentuation of characteristic effects of achievement related motives previously attributed to contingent future orientation is produced instead by contingent self-evaluation. Several as yet unpublished investigations into this area conclude that: (1) the effects of contingent self-evaluation (or self-importance, of immediate activity) are similar to those of contingent future orientation; and (2) when research views both effects of self- and future-importance simultaneously, both dimensions of motivational arousal are found to produce the greatest engagement of achievement-related motives. A study by Blumenfeld et. al. (1974) is cited as a basis for these later investigations, as is an unpublished study by Raynor and Mitchell (1974) which explores the joint effects of future- and self-importance on grades obtained in an introductory psychology course. Data tables and a bibliography are appended. (Author/CJ)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (82nd, New Orleans, Louisiana, August 1974)